Vietnam is extremely vulnerable to climate change due to its long crossing of the coastline and numerous estuaries. That is why the country is developing a policy that is committed to taking action to combat climate change. Mitigation objectives and adaptation priorities are formulated in national contributions (NDCs). Vietnam also quickly ratified the Paris Agreement and was one of the first countries to develop an action plan for the concrete implementation of the agreement. This plan sets out specific measures, responsibilities and assistance requirements. However, the country still lacks concrete implementation experience. Vietnam`s Ministry of Mineral Resources and Environment (MONRE) is responsible for inter-ministerial cooperation in the implementation of national climate change targets. Governance and legal issues need to be clarified, not least because vietnam`s internationally communicated climate targets have not yet been incorporated into national or sectoral legislation. Planning for the implementation of the NDC in cities and provinces must also be extended and reflected in national budgets. In Vietnam, therefore, we see the full integration of climate into existing development practices as a first step towards coordinating short- and long-term climate strategies. This starts with the short-term link between climate planning and development planning, for example by integrating climate into the SEDP.
This will allow us to systematically integrate the climate into long-term national planning. In other words, longer-term goals and strategies can only be directed if the short-term goals are fully on track and integrated into broader development work. In countries such as Vietnam, significant gaps in the ability to carry out long-term planning generally hamper efforts to set clear long-term goals (for the middle of the century and beyond), particularly with regard to climate, underscoring the need for capacity building. In Vietnam, these shortcomings are manifested as insufficient climate know-how and a lack of verification tools. Planning in Vietnam has traditionally focused on economic development, particularly in the context of five-year socio-economic development (SEP) plans, where criteria and objectives for environmental protection and green growth are generally difficult to monitor, report and verify, resulting in restrictions in the budget allocation process.