Here`s what to keep in mind: For the purposes of subject-verb concordance, gerunds should be treated as a singular subject (I normally ask my students to treat them like “that”). In this sentence, we must say “jogging is” and “shopping is”. You can`t say “jogging” and “shopping.” Subjects can be gerunds. (Gerund derives from a verb that ends on -ing, but acts as a noun.) A gere takes on a singular verb. If two gerunds are connected by the conjunction and, the next verb is plural. Moreover, what constitutes the key to this theory is the combination of the two actions, not each of them individually, so that a singular verb is common. This is not the equivalent of klausal coordination in, say, “Translating texts for different audiences and adapting appropriate texts”, where the expected verb would be a plural. Identify either the nature of the subject or the right verb in the following sentences: 1) Running for a local position (gerund phrase/infinitive expression) has always been his ambition. Those who had shoes on the porch disturbed the investigators. Even those who are close to the band ignore the songs that the band will play. We see that sentence subjects can go far beyond subjects, and subject-verb concordance can sometimes adapt depending on whether the author wants to group or separate compound elements. This understanding completes our grammar toolbox and enhances our expressive versatility. 8.
If one of the words “everyone”, “everyone” or “no” is in front of the subject, the verb is singular. 11. The singular form of the verb is usually reserved for units of measure or units of tense. 6. The words each, each, either, nor, nor anyone, anyone, anyone, nobody, someone, no one is singular and require a singular verb. Have you ever received “subject/verb”, like an error on a paper? This handout will help you understand this common grammar problem. Students are often confused when trying to use gerund materials, because debris is often followed by a plural subnun. This sentence of Gerund is always singular. The following verbs should always be singularly! Distributive words like everyone else are always singular. For example: “Every student and teacher works very hard.” Although there are two nouns that are connected by and by this, the verb is always singular after each.
Some subjects appear in the plural if they are in fact singular….