Eu Voluntary Agreement

質問&相談、その他はLINE@まで!

 スマートフォンの方はコチラをクリック
友だち追加

The ACEA agreement refers to a voluntary agreement between the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA) and the European Commission to limit the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted by passenger cars sold in Europe. With 18 million cars sold each year, Europe is the last major car market in the world. This paper analyzes the design of existing AVs with respect to general frameworks, objectives and sectors, commitments and commitments, motivation for membership, reporting and monitoring of provisions and results of existing VAs, as reported by national authorities. The document summarizes the main characteristics of voluntary agreements and makes recommendations for the proper implementation of this political instrument. The agreement signed in 1998 aimed to reach an average of 140 g/km of CO2 for new passenger cars sold in Europe by 2008. This target corresponds to a 25% reduction from the 1995 level of 186 g/km and corresponds to a fuel consumption of 5.8 l/100 km and 5.25 l/100 km for petrol and diesel engines. However, the average for the entire automotive market for 2008 was 153.7 g/km, which prevented the achievement of the target. The agreement sets average CO2 emission targets for new cars sold in the European Union, which will be achieved jointly by EU members. CO2 is the only gas covered by the agreements and other greenhouse gas emissions are currently not controlled (see carbon dioxide equivalent). How to achieve this objective is not specified and is expected by the Commission, in particular due to technological developments and market changes linked to these developments. Analyze the design of voluntary energy efficiency agreements (AVs).

The study of VAs at national level in the European Union. Analyze their overall framework and the results provided. Summarize the main features of VAs. Make recommendations for the successful implementation of this directive tool. In addition to the agreement with ACEA, the European Commission has also concluded agreements with the Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association (JAMA) and the Korea Automobile Manufacturers Association (KAMA). However, for the latter two, the target date is 2009 instead of 2008, and ACEA accounting for 86.4% of car sales in Europe[1], the impact of the latter two is much smaller. The final EU target to which these agreements must contribute is to achieve, by 2015, an average of 130 g/km of CO2 for all new passenger cars (measured in accordance with Directive 93/116/EC[2]). This website publishes the text of the agreement and all relevant documents, including a list of signatories, compliance reports, invitations to steering committee meetings and minutes of steering committee meetings. A number of EU Member States have implemented voluntary agreements to achieve energy savings and emission reductions through improved energy efficiency in different end-use sectors, mainly for industry. In February 2007, the Commission acknowledged the failure of the voluntary agreement.

[3] Subsequently, a proposal for a regulation was submitted by the Commission on 19 December 2007. “Legislation therefore remains our preferred option. HOWEVER, ETIRA recognises that the October 2020 draft is a useful step forward and that if the main objectives we continue to promote can be achieved through a stricter voluntary agreement, ETIRA would be interested in participating in and participating in the process, provided that the proposal contains our proposals for minimum changes, in accordance with the EU Treaty, the EU`s action plan for the circular economy and the European directive on eco-design. The agreement aims to reduce the ecological footprint of imaging devices – both by designing and helping customers make informed choices when purchasing and using the devices: the validity of the design depends on the exact representative of the market share. There will be another discussion when it falls below 70%. . · Over the next three weeks, a general consensus will be reached with the Commission on proposed energy needs in the field

シェアする

  • このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加

フォローする

 スマートフォンの方はコチラをクリック 友だち追加