The IOM office in Djibouti was established in 2009 as a result of a cooperation agreement between IOM and the Government of Djibouti. The agreement effectively added Djibouti to the number of member states of the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD) in which IOM is active in the Horn of Africa. Martin Plaut, senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, calls for lasting agreements. Tel: `253 21 32 04 50` or `253 21 35 72 80` Fax: 253 21 72 89 E-mail: email@example.com The total population was estimated at 1.0 million in 2017. Life expectancy at birth in Djibouti is 62.5 years (2016) and the population growth rate is estimated at 2.7% in 2017. Djibouti ranks 172nd out of 188 countries with comparable data in the 2015 Human Development Report with an HDI score of 0.473, which is lower than the sub-Saharan average of 0.523. Djibouti has a very close relationship with France, which provides substantial financial assistance and assistance. Some 2,700 French soldiers are deployed in Djibouti under independence agreements. Djibouti is also home to U.S. and German troops and is the headquarters of a series of international task forces for the region.
Eritrea and Djibouti signed a new peace agreement on 6 September ending decades of conflict between the two countries. The Eritrean and Somali presidents signed an agreement in July to restore relations in their countries after years of hostility. SIGNIFICANCE: The transitional federal government is under pressure to overcome its divisions after reaching an agreement with the broken opposition in June. This fragile agreement offers the opportunity to improve security and negotiate a power-sharing in the future that could strengthen a moderate coalition of government and opposition representatives. “The four ministers who have joined us in jointly restoring peace and stability in the region are a positive example for the horn and beyond,” said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres. 2. The parties welcome the findings of the workshop on justice and reconciliation, including the agreement to eventually establish a commission of inquiry and an international tribunal to deal with violations of human rights and international law and impunity in their countries. A joint working group has been set up to prepare for next year`s Justice and Reconciliation Conference. – Even some hard-liners in the opposition have accepted the argument that any agreement that could speed up Ethiopia`s withdrawal is worth supporting, if only tactically. ANALYSIS: The Djibouti agreement reached in June between the Opposition Alliance for the Liberation of Somalia (ARS) and the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) was officially signed on 18 August.